Area  4243 Sq. Km.           

North Latitude Between 11 00' and 12 00'               

East Longitude Between 77 28' and 78 50'                               Population Density : 413/Km

CENSUS 2011 TOTAL MALE FEMALE EXCESS OVER 2001

PERCENTAGE INCREASE

POPULATION 19,43,309 9,67,437 9,75,872 1,92,008 10.96  %
LITERATES 14,21,270 7,73,186 6,48,084 2,68,754  80.75 %

 THE EXPORT & IMPORT COMMODITY

Export : 1. Cardamom,  2. Crackers,  3. Chillies ,Oil  4. Matches

Import : 1. Tin Sheet

 IMPORTANT PILGRIMS CENTRES

Andal Thirukkovil, Srivilliputur.

Irukkankudi Mariamman Temple, Sattur.

Boominathar temple, Thiruchuli.

Srinivasaperumalkoil (Thenthiruppathi) at Srivilliputur.

Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple, Aruppukottai.

IMPORTANT TOURIST CENTRES

Memorial house of Kamarajar at Virudhunagar.

Pilavakkal Dam near Watrap.

Andal Koil at Srivilliputhur.

Boominatharkoil and birth place of Ramana Maharishi at Thiruchuli.

Ayyanar falls  - 15 km from Rajapalayam.

Shenbagathoppu  -  Alagarkoil near Srivilliputur.

Sastha Koil    Near Thevathanam,  Rajapalayam. 

FAIRS AND FESTIVALS

Pongal, Adiperukku, Karthigai Deepam, Temple Car festival, Chithirai and Brahmostsavam are the chief festivals celebrated in the district.  Brahmostsavam is celebrated during the Tamil month of Adi.  The temple has a massive car (Ther) with a decorated height of  75 feet.   The temple car is the second largest in Tamilnadu next only to the car at Tiruvarur. A tank known as Mukkulam is also found here which is said to be the same used by Andal to perform Margazhi festival during her life.

Mariamman and Sachi Innachiar koil festivals in Sattur taluk and VaikasiVisakham in Srivilliputur are the famous festivals of this district.  The other important fair/festivals organised in different parts of the district are Iyanar koil festival, vailukanthamman koil festival, perumal koil festival, weekly fair, Panguni Pongal, Kalangada Kanniamman festival, Kannicheri Pudur fair,  Koil Pongal,  Muthalamman festival, Sundara Mahalingafestival, Purattasi Pongal festival, Peria Mariamman Koil Tookkuzhi, ThaiPongal 'Adi Thiru' and Mullai Kottai Mariamman Koil festival.